Optimizing Sensory Loads Using a Sensory Processing Skills Therapy among Autistic Spectrum Disorder
Keywords:Art therapies, Autism, Quality of life, Sensory integration
Sensory integration therapy can improve language skills, attention, and social interactions in children with ASD. However, it is also important to note that research in this field is ongoing, and more studies are needed to confirm the effectiveness of these therapies. The present study is aimed to identify the effects of occupational therapy-based sensory processing skill therapies in improving the autism severity and QoL among ASD children.
The intervention was performed for 12 weeks, six sessions per week, each based on 60 minutes of duration. The treatment protocol comprised four sensory processing skills in which Each child was trained on every skill for 15 minutes, making a total of 60 minutes of duration for a single session.
Significant improvements in CARS, CGAS and PedsQL (p<0.001) were observed after 12-weeks of intervention.
Sensory processing skills therapies are a practical treatment approach in optimizing sensory load among ASD children.
van’t Hof M, Tisseur C, van Berckelear-Onnes I, van Nieuwenhuyzen A, Daniels AM, Deen M, Hoek HW, Ester WA. Age at autism spectrum disorder diagnosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis from 2012 to 2019. Autism. 2021 May;25(4):862-73.
Hodges H, Fealko C, Soares N. Autism spectrum disorder: definition, epidemiology, causes, and clinical evaluation. Translational pediatrics. 2020 Feb;9(Suppl 1):S55.
Chiarotti F, Venerosi A. Epidemiology of autism spectrum disorders: a review of worldwide prevalence estimates since 2014. Brain sciences. 2020 May;10(5):274.
Salari N, Rasoulpoor S, Rasoulpoor S, Shohaimi S, Jafarpour S, Abdoli N, Khaledi-Paveh B, Mohammadi M. The global prevalence of autism spectrum disorder: a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis. Italian Journal of Pediatrics. 2022 Dec;48(1):1-6.
Solmi M, Song M, Yon DK, Lee SW, Fombonne E, Kim MS, Park S, Lee MH, Hwang J, Keller R, Koyanagi A. Incidence, prevalence, and global burden of autism spectrum disorder from 1990 to 2019 across 204 countries. Molecular Psychiatry. 2022 Jun 29:1-9.
Moroe N, Masuku K, Shirame L. Rehabilitation healthcare professionals’ competence and confidence in differentially diagnosing deafblindness from autism spectrum disorders: a cross-sectional survey in South Africa. BMC Medical Education. 2022 Dec;22(1):1-5.
Xu W, Yao J, Liu W. Intervention effect of sensory integration training on the behaviors and quality of life of children with autism. Psychiatria Danubina. 2019 Oct 7;31(3):340-6.
Wuang YP, Huang CL, Tsai HY. Sensory integration and perceptual-motor profiles in school-aged children with autistic spectrum disorder. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment. 2020;16:1661.
Deliens G, Peigneux P. Sleep–behaviour relationship in children with autism spectrum disorder: methodological pitfalls and insights from cognition and sensory processing. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology. 2019 Dec;61(12):1368-76.
Pastor-Cerezuela G, Fernández-Andrés MI, Sanz-Cervera P, Marín-Suelves D. The impact of sensory processing on executive and cognitive functions in children with autism spectrum disorder in the school context. Research in developmental disabilities. 2020 Jan 1;96:103540.
Wang Z, Gui Y, Nie W. Sensory Integration Training and Social Sports Games Integrated Intervention for the Occupational Therapy of Children with Autism. Occupational Therapy International. 2022 Aug 30;2022.
Kashefimehr B, Huri M, Kayihan H, Havaei N. The relationship between the sensory processing and occupational motor skills of children with autism spectrum disorder. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation. 2021 Apr 2;28(4):1-8.
Stevanovic D, Costanzo F, Fucà E, Valeri G, Vicari S, Robins DL, Samms‐Vaughan M, Ozek Erkuran H, Yaylaci F, Deshpande SN, Deshmukh V. Measurement invariance of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) across six countries. Autism Research. 2021 Dec;14(12):2544-54.
Saint-Georges C, Pagnier M, Ghattassi Z, Hubert-Barthelemy A, Tanet A, Clément MN, Soumille F, Crespin GC, Pellerin H, Cohen D, GPIS study group. A developmental and sequenced one-to-one educational intervention (DS1-EI) for autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability: A three-year randomized, single-blind controlled trial. EClinicalMedicine. 2020 Sep 1;26:100537.
Arnold LE, Luna RA, Williams K, Chan J, Parker RA, Wu Q, Hollway JA, Jeffs A, Lu F, Coury DL, Hayes C. Probiotics for gastrointestinal symptoms and quality of life in autism: a placebo-controlled pilot trial. Journal of child and adolescent psychopharmacology. 2019 Nov 1;29(9):659-69.
Bernie C, Williams K, Graham F, May T. Coaching while waiting for autism spectrum disorder assessment: protocol of a pilot feasibility study for a randomized controlled trial on occupational performance coaching and service navigation support. JMIR research protocols. 2021 Jan 7;10(1):e20011.
Randell E, McNamara R, Delport S, Busse M, Hastings RP, Gillespie D, Williams-Thomas R, Brookes-Howell L, Romeo R, Boadu J, Ahuja AS. Sensory integration therapy versus usual care for sensory processing difficulties in autism spectrum disorder in children: study protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Trials. 2019 Dec;20(1):1-1.
Kilroy E, Aziz-Zadeh L, Cermak S. Ayres theories of autism and sensory integration revisited: What contemporary neuroscience has to say. Brain sciences. 2019 Mar 21;9(3):68.
Holland CM, Blanche EI, Thompson BL. Quantifying therapists’ activities during sensory integration treatment for young children with autism. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics. 2020 Nov 18;41(3):284-99.
Macmbinji VO, Gachigi PN. Art-Based Intervention in Determining the Quality of Life of Children with Autism and Their Parents in the Context of Educational Services in Kenya: A Systematic Review of Literature. Education & Child Development. 2022 Feb 18;1(1).
Wu S, Pan C, Yao L, Wu X. The Impact of the Urban Built Environment on the Play Behavior of Children with ASD. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022 Nov 10;19(22):14752.
Benson JD, Blaskowitz MG, Collins A, Smitsky D, Chippich E, Connell C. The effect of a sensory activity schedule (SAS) on the on-task behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, & Early Intervention. 2022 Oct 2;15(4):439-54.
Shanok NA, Sotelo M, Hong J. Brief Report: The utility of a golf training program for individuals with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2019 Nov;49(11):4691-7.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Nabeela Wali Khan, Urooj Saghir, Syed Ashar Ali, Muhammad Hammad Mursaleen
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.