Effects of Task-Oriented and Strength Training on Upper Limb Recovery in Hemiplegic Stroke Patients

Task-Oriented Training and Strength Training on Upper Limb Recovery in Hemiplegic Stroke


  • Tehseen Akhtar Riphah International University, Islamabad
  • Anam Amjad Ibadat International University, Islamabad
  • Anum Zafar Ibadat International University, Islamabad https://orcid.org/0009-0005-6149-5259
  • Esha Khan Al-Shifa Tameer-e-Millat University, Islamabad
  • Hanan Azfar Bhatti Hospital, Gujranwala
  • Nimrah Humayoon Riphah International University, Islamabad


Exercises, Hemiparesis, Stroke, Upper Limb


Background: Stroke is a common and debilitating medical illness that frequently shows as a substantial impediment to upper extremity motor skills. More than 80% of first-time stroke cases, most of which are ischemic infarctions, result in immediate hemiplegia of the afflicted arm. This impairment not only limits the functional usefulness of the afflicted limb but also impedes Daily Living Activities (ADL).

Methods: A total of n=80 patients were enrolled; divided into two groups based on envelope method of randomization. Each group comprises of 40 participants. In Group-A participants were given intervention based on Task-Oriented Training (TOT) protocol whereas in Group-B resistance training was provided as an interventional protocol.

Results: The effects of exercises based intervention was determined on the outcome measure and paired t-test was applied to identify with in the group effects. Analysis of the findings revealed that both exercises were significantly effective (p<0.05) in improving upper limb function of hemiplegic stroke patients, with values after intervention on the FMA-UE scale of 45.6±2.45 for patients in Group-A and 44.99±3.01 for patients in Group-B.

Conclusion: In conclusion among hemiplegic stroke patients, TOT and strength training both were beneficial in restoring upper limb function, according to the results of this randomized controlled experiment.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.59564/amrj/02.01/005


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