Impact of Low-Volume High-Intensity Interval Training and Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training on Physical Performance and Quality of Life among Postmenopausal Women

Effect of Exercise on Postmenopausal Women's Well-being



Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Exercise, Obesity, Quality of Life


Background: Menopause is one of the life stages for women that marks the end of reproductive years. Physical, emotional, mental, and social well-being can all be impacted by the hormonal changes brought on by menopause. Hence, the study aims to determine the effect of Moderate-Intensity Continuous Training (MICT) and High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) on cardiovascular parameters and quality of life in postmenopausal females.

Methods: A two-arm randomized controlled trial among 40 postmenopausal females, recruited via envelop method of simple random sampling technique into Group-A, who received HIIT and Group B, who received MICT. Firstly, informed consent was taken from the participants by explaining all the protocols and procedures. Following the assessment, both groups received six weeks of exercise training thrice a week with 40 minutes of HIIT and 50 minutes of MICT, respectively.

Results: The participant’s mean age was 52.26 and 54.5 years in each of the two intervention groups, i.e., HIIT and MICT, respectively. The HIIT intervention led to a statistically significant and practically significant elevation in predicted VO2max (6.92 ml/kg/min; p=0.01; ES=0.85), whereas the MICT group experienced a marginal and practically significant alteration (2.8 ml/kg/min; p>0.05; ES=0.19).

Conclusion: The results indicate that the High-Intensity Interval Training group experienced a statistically and clinically significant improvement in predicted VO2 max compared to a marginally significant change in the MICT group.



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