Exploring the Impact of Exercise on Pain Alleviation in Patients with Chronic Venous Disorders: A Comprehensive Systematic Review

Exercise and Chronic Venous Disorders


  • Fatima Humza Ziauddin University
  • Sabika Minhaj Ziauddin University
  • Iqra Salahuddin Ziauddin University


Chronic venous insufficiency, Exercise, Pain, Varicose veins


Background: Pain due to venous insufficiency can be crippling. Management of Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) with various exercise modalities have gained immense acknowledgement in recent decade. However, the conflicting reports and lack of quality evidence hinder informed decision making. The aim of this review is to overview and summarize the current literature to establish the role of exercise in managing pain symptoms in patients with CVI.

Methods: For comprehensive review search was made on the online databases like PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane library and Web of Science. The outcome measure of interest was pain. Total 10 studies were included which were systematically analysed to determine the effectiveness of exercise in reducing pain in patients with CVI.

Results: The study was conducted on patients who had CVI without formation of ulcers with less than 3 CEAP (clinical, etiological, anatomical and pathophysiological) score. The significance of the exercise therapy was estimated by reduction in pain symptoms at the end of the protocol.

Conclusion: It was concluded after comprehensive review that therapeutic exercise has proven to be significantly effective in reducing pain in patients with CVI irrespective of type of exercise. 

Author Biographies

Fatima Humza, Ziauddin University

Senior Lecturer, College of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences

Sabika Minhaj, Ziauddin University

Assistant Professor

Iqra Salahuddin, Ziauddin University

Senior Lecturer


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Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses