Effects of Tailored Stabilization Exercise Regimens on Lumbar Instability

Stabilization Exercises in Lumber Instability


  • Mustafa Zaveri Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College
  • Aqsa Faiz South City Health Care Education Hub
  • Mubushara Afzal South City Health Care Education Hub https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8366-2442
  • Malik Osama College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan


Exercise, Low Back Pain, Lumbar Region, Spondylosis


Background: The primary goals of lumbar stabilization exercises (LSE) are to increase the neuromuscular control, strength, and endurance of the muscles essential for dynamic trunk and spinal stability. Even though LSE is a highly successful treatment for lumbar instability and pain reduction, further research is necessary to fully understand its effects and maximize its use for a larger population.

Methods: Patients aged between 40 and 60 years with symptoms of lower back pain were included in the study. The patients were chosen based on the diagnosis, symptoms, and clinical presentation, consistent with a radiologic diagnosis of spondylosis and spondylolisthesis. Exercise sessions gradually increased in duration, with a pressure biofeedback monitor ensuring ten accurate contractions held for 10 seconds each. Low-load leverage through the limbs was introduced to progress the workouts.

Results: The significant decrease in pain levels reflects the positive impact of stability exercises on the functional disability level of patients. The baseline mean disability level of 26.34 exhibited notable improvement, decreasing to 16.23 with a mean difference of 10.11. The statistical significance of this mean difference (p<0.05) provides compelling evidence to reject the null hypothesis, affirming the effectiveness of the intervention in positively influencing the disability level among the participants

Conclusion: The study’s findings highlight the beneficial effects of customized stabilization exercise programs on lumbar instability and persistent low back pain. The intervention showed substantial improvements in functional impairment and pain reduction across participants, focusing on individualized graded lumbar stabilization exercises.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.59564/amrj/02.01/014


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