Risk of Developing Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections in Integrated Health Care System of Pakistan-A Meta-Analysis


  • Alia Nasir Rufaidah Hamdard College of Nursing, Hamdard University
  • Fahmeda Khawaja Rufaidah Hamdard College of Nursing, Hamdard University
  • Gloria N Khan College of Nursing, Sindh Government Hospital


Healthcare system, Hospital-acquired infections, Risks


Studies regarding the prevalence of CLABSIs in Pakistan are limited. However, it is known that healthcare-associated infections are a concern in many low- and middle-income countries, including Pakistan. The present study is aimed to identify the relative risk of developing CLABSIs in the hospital care setups of Pakistan. The risk of biases in included studies was assessed using Cochrane tool parameters. Analysis of results revealed a relative risk of getting CLABSIs is 1.78 (p<0.001) among patients admitted in the hospitals for greater than 72 hours. This shows that the chances of getting infected at the central line site were more than 50% among patients admitted to ICUs in Pakistan. It has been concluded that the relative risk of CLABSIs in the integrated healthcare system of Pakistan is high.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.59564/amrj/01.01/003


Author Biographies

Alia Nasir, Rufaidah Hamdard College of Nursing, Hamdard University

Principal, Associate Professor

Fahmeda Khawaja, Rufaidah Hamdard College of Nursing, Hamdard University

Senior Lecturer

Gloria N Khan, College of Nursing, Sindh Government Hospital

Nursing Instructor


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